South Korean company LG Chem has developed a new plastic material that it says could replace the metal frame of a PV module, making it much lighter. The company says it has already secured mass production capability for the material and begun selling products at full scale.
LG Chem is launching a new plastic material specially engineered for solar module frames. The company says its material offers similar durability, as well as price competitiveness with aluminum, the most common material for module frames, while dramatically reducing the weight of the module.
The material, named LUPOY EU5201, is a flame retardant plastic material, made by mixing acrylonitrite styrene acrylate with a polycarbonate base, and adding glass fiber to supplement the mechanical properties. The material, according to LG Chem, has a low rate of thermal expansion, meaning it maintains its shape and rigidity even in hot conditions.
The company also says it has been able to engineer strong resistance to ultraviolet rays into the materials, meaning it will not decompose or even start to discolor after years of exposure to strong sunlight. “It has the same level of durability as existing aluminum, but is half the weight and has excellent price competitiveness,” LG Chem said in a statement. “Also, it has excellent dimensional stability that maintains its shape even in temperature changes, so it is not easily deteriorated or deformed by the external environment.”
Reducing the weight of a module can make the installation process easier and quicker, as well as reducing shipping costs, which have skyrocketed in recent months. Lighter modules could also open up new areas to PV installation, such as non-load bearing rooftops. “Solar panel frames made of plastic have many advantages that differentiate them from existing frames, such as ease of installation, and therefore has great market potential,” said Steven Kim, leader of LG Chem’s engineering materials division. “Based on the world’s best compounding technology, LG Chem plans to lead the rapidly growing solar material market through continuous R&D and investment into mass production capabilities.”
An estimate from the World Bank says that the energy transition will require more aluminum than any other metal, largely thanks to its use in solar module frames. And its production is emissions intensive and will be more difficult to decarbonize than many other sectors.
LG Chem said it has already secured mass production capabilities for its new plastic frame material, without providing details on the location or scale of initial production. The company also says it has infrastructure in place to make use of post-consumer recycled polycarbonate in the frame material, and that it will also review ways to collect the frames at end-of-life and insert them back into the supply chain.
Though it is initially targeting the module frame market for its newly engineered material, LG Chem expects LUPOY EU5201 to find other uses, particularly in the automobile sector.
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Source: pv magazine