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Chinese Breakthrough: Revolutionary Superconducting Material With Record-Breaking Properties

Researchers discovered a new superconducting material using the Steady High Magnetic Field Facility. This material exhibits a record-breaking superconducting transition temperature of 11.6 K for transition metal sulfide superconductors at ambient pressure and showcases an exceptionally high critical current density. Credit:

A breakthrough discovery of a new superconducting material sets a new record for transition metal sulfide superconductors with a transition temperature of 11.6 K and a high critical current density, marking a significant advancement in superconductor development.

With the support of electrical transport and magnetic measurement systems of Steady High Magnetic Field Facility (SHMFF), a research team from Hefei Institutes of Physical Science (HFIPS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), discovered a new superconducting material called (InSe2)xNbSe2, which possesses a unique lattice structure. The superconducting transition temperature of this material reaches 11.6 K, making it the transition metal sulfide superconductor with the highest transition temperature under ambient pressure.

The results were published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

Advancing Superconductor Research

TMD materials have received lots of attention due to the numerous applications in the fields of catalysis, energy storage, and integrated circuits. However, the relatively low superconducting transition temperatures of TMD superconductors have limited their potential use.

In this study, scientists successfully fabricated a new superconducting material with the chemical formula (InSe2)xNbSe2. Unlike the conventional conditions where isolated atoms are inserted into the van de Waals gaps of low dimensional materials, in (InSe2)xNbSe2 the intercalated indium atoms were found to form InSe2-bonded chains.

New Superconducting Material Discovered in Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides Materials

The crystal structure and superconducting properties of (InSe2)0.12NbSe2. Credit: Rui Nui

Record-Breaking Superconducting Properties

“This material has very high transition temperature among all transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) superconductors,” said Prof. Changjin Zhang, who led the team, “and it exhibits an impressive critical current density.”

The superconducting transition temperature of the (InSe2)0.12NbSe2 sample could be as high as 11.6 K at ambient pressure, which is 60% higher than that of pristine NbSe2.

Furthermore, the (InSe2)xNbSe2 superconductor exhibits large critical current density of 8×105 A/cm2, which is also the highest among all TMD superconductors. The critical current density is comparable with high temperature superconductors such as cuprate and iron-based compounds, demonstrating its good application prospects.

This discovery opens up new possibilities for advancing superconductivity research and developing high-temperature superconductors with improved performance, according to the team.

Reference: “Enhanced Superconductivity and Critical Current Density Due to the Interaction of InSe2 Bonded Layer in (InSe2)0.12NbSe2” by Rui Niu, Jiayang Li, Weili Zhen, Feng Xu, Shirui Weng, Zhilai Yue, Xiangmin Meng, Jing Xia, Ning Hao and Changjin Zhang, 5 January 2024, Journal of the American Chemical Society.
DOI: 10.1021/jacs.3c09756

Source: SciTechDaily